At any moment while performing patient care duties, paramedics are at risk of exposure to blood and infection from blood-borne pathogens such as human immunodeficiency virus (HIV), which causes AIDS, hepatitis B virus (HBV), and hepatitis C virus (HCV). Prevention of needle stick injuries (NSI) is becoming more feasible with technology and engineering advancement.
James, Kaitlynn; O'Brien, Cian; and Batt, Alan M., "Stop Sticks: Reducing the Rist of Needlestick Injuries in Paramedic Practice" (2017). Faculty & Staff Publications - Public Safety. 14.